Refeeding and carb cycling both have the potential to enhance weight loss results, body composition changes and improve training performance while dieting.
But, what is the difference between refeed vs carb cycling? Refeeds boost calories to a maintenance level by increasing carbohydrate intake for 1 to 2 days on a weekly or bi-weekly basis, whereas carb cycling maintains a constant calorie deficit throughout the dieting phase but varies carbohydrate intake on a daily basis.
I’ll break down the differences further with some examples below, but what you need to know is that refeeding and carb cycling are only successful if they are used in the right context and performed in the right way.
After reading this article you’ll learn:
- What a refeed is and how to implement it
- What carb cycling is and how to implement it
- How refeeds and carb cycling are similar
- How refeeds and carb cycling are different
- Which method produces the best weight loss results
What Is A Refeed Day?
A refeed day is a planned temporary increase in calories that occurs while dieting to reduce the negative effects that dieting can have on our metabolism and mindset.
Metabolism is a sum of our body’s energy expenditure as it relates to our bodily functions (ex: breathing), the thermic effect of food (the amount of energy it takes to digest foods), non-exercise activity (ex: housework), and exercise.
All of these influence weight loss because they reflect how many calories we are able to burn per day. If our energy expenditure decreases as a result of dieting, then we won’t be able to continue to lose weight as readily.
Dieting reduces our metabolism because when fewer calories are coming in, our metabolism slows down because the body wants to preserve as much energy as possible for basic bodily functions. This is counterproductive when we’re purposely trying to lose fat.
Refeeding can help because it involves a temporary increase in calories that signals to our body there is enough food coming in and that it doesn’t need to send out constant hunger signals to get us to eat.
Anyone who is dieting for long periods or is dieting aggressively should be refeeding to keep our metabolism from slowing down and to increase our ability to stick to our diet.
Dieting can be mentally tough and having a refeed around the corner could be just the thing that we need to keep us focused on the end goal because of the mental relief that it can provide.
How To Implement A Refeed Day?
To execute a refeed we need to bring ourselves out of a calorie deficit and up to a maintenance level of calories. A calorie deficit refers to the number of calories that allow us to lose weight. A maintenance level of calories refers to the number of calories that would allow us to maintain our weight.
If you don’t know what a maintenance level of calories looks like for you, then check out our refeed calculator, which can estimate your calorie target while refeeding.
One of the most important things to know about refeeding is that the increase in calories that brings us up to a maintenance level needs to come purely from carbohydrates. This is because carbohydrates are the nutrient that replenishes energy stores that have been depleted, and they can regulate hormones that are out of balance as a result of dieting.
Refeeds typically last 1 to 2 days depending on the length and intensity of the dieting phase, and they could occur weekly, bi-weekly or monthly based on the same factors.
For additional details on the frequency and duration of refeeding, check out my other article Should I Refeed While Cutting? (Yes, Here’s Why & How).
The downside of refeeding is that it could easily be turned from a controlled increase in calories to an all-out binge eating episode very quickly. This is the case if we were feeling overly restricted while dieting and then feel out of control around larger quantities of food.
Refeeds are only worth the effort if they are executed correctly, if a refeed is turning into a binge eating episode then it isn’t worth trying to incorporate refeeds as they would be doing more harm than good as we work toward our fat loss goals.
Pros of Refeeding
- Could reduce slowing down metabolism
- Increases leptin levels (the hormone that allows you to feel “full”)
- Replenishes energy stores
- Could increase diet adherence
Cons of Refeeding
- Could result in binge eating
- Often executed incorrectly
What Is Carb Cycling?
Carbs cycling is a dieting strategy to create a calorie deficit for weight loss but has days of the week that are lower carb and other days of the week that are higher carb. In this method, calories are the same on all days by adjusting fat intake up on low carb days and down on high carb days.
The idea behind this is that on the days where carbs are higher, it may signal to the brain that enough food is coming in and prevent our metabolism from slowing down by burning fewer calories and increasing energy levels. The higher carb days would also be more beneficial for workouts to encourage better performance.
On the lower carb days, the goal is just to encourage fat loss by allowing the body to use fat as an energy source. Generally, lower-carb days are assigned to days of the week when energy expenditure is lower and the additional carbs are unnecessary (example: rest days).
This is because when we’re working out or more active, carbs are the body’s preferred fuel source and are therefore utilized more efficiently, but when we’re sedentary or less active our body uses fat more efficiently for energy.
When we’re carb cycling we can tailor our nutrition to reflect our daily expenditure so that we’re more efficient in the way that our body utilizes nutrients for energy. This strategy has the potential to improve our performance, aesthetics, and metabolism.
Carb cycling would be a great strategy for those who are more performance-based (i.e. athletes) and want to have days where they can have more carbs to help fuel their performance and then maximize the body’s ability to use fat as fuel on rest days.
Carb cycling does require more attention to detail and therefore may not be something that everyone could adhere to. If we are someone who enjoys tracking their food/macros and paying attention to detail then carb cycling is likely appropriate.
However, if we’re someone who just wants to keep things simple with minimal adjustments from day-to-day, then carb cycling is likely not the best option.
Related Article: Best Time To Eat Carbs When Carb Cycling (4 Rules to Follow)
How To Implement Basic Carb Cycling
To implement basic carb cycling we can adjust our carb intake based on a calorie deficit by finding our deficit calories and then adjusting carb intake to be lower on non-workout days and higher on workouts days.
Let’s say I weigh 160lbs and my deficit calories have been calculated to be 1800 calories per day.
The first step would be to set your protein intake.
Calculating Protein Intake For Carb Cycling
My protein intake for the day would be set at 160 grams because the general recommendation for protein intake while dieting is 1 gram per pound of bodyweight (1g/lb BW).
To calculate what percentage of protein makes up the total calories we first need to determine how many calories 160 grams of protein equate to.
For this, we can multiple 160 by 4 because protein has 4 calories per gram. So 160 grams of protein X 4 calories per gram = 640 calories.
Now we can divide 640 by 1800 to find out what percentage of calories that equates to. (640 protein cals / 1800 total daily cals) X 100 = ~36%
Once you have your protein intake, you can then calculate your carb and fat intake for both high and low carb days.
Calculating Carb & Fat Intake On Higher Carb Days
For higher carb days I want 50% of my calories to come from carbs. So 1800 X 0.5 = 900 calories for carbs, which I can divide by 4 to convert grams of carbs per day because carbs have 4 calories per gram.
900 carb calories / 4 calories per gram = 225 grams.
If 36% of calories are protein, 50% of calories are carbs, this leaves 14% of calories for fats.
To determine what this equates to we can do 1800 total calories X 0.14 = 252 fat calories. To turn this into grams per day we can divide 252 fat cals by 9 because fat has 9 calories per gram. 252 fat cals / 9 calories per gram = 28 grams of fat.
Therefore on higher carb days that are reserved for workout days, I would eat 160 grams of protein, 225 grams of carbs, and 28 grams of fat.
Calculating Carb & Fat Intake On Lower Carb Days
On lower carbs days protein intake should stay the same, so all we have to alter is the number of carbs and fat to stay within the calorie deficit.
Protein will still be 160 grams per day, which is around 36% of my total calories for the deficit (1800 cals per day).
The carb intake I would aim for on lower carb days is 25% of my total calories. To determine what this equates to I would do 1800 total calories X 0.25 = 450 carb calories, which I can divide by 4 to find how many grams this is. 450 carb cals / 4 calories per gram = ~113 grams of carbs.
So I have 36% of calories for protein, 25% of calories for carbs, and 39% for fat intake. So 1800 total calories X 0.39 = 702 calories for fat intake. I can now take 702 fat cals / 9 calories per gram = 78 grams of fat per day.
So for lower carb days, I would eat 160 grams of protein, 113 grams of carbs, and 78 grams of fat to maintain a calorie deficit.
This example focuses solely on carb cycling. It does not make use of calorie cycling (a totally different concept) because on days that carbs are higher I compensated by decreasing fats by the same number of calories, and on days that carbs were lower I increased fats by the same number of calories.
- Designed to optimize the body’s use of fuel sources
- Could enhance performance
- May increase diet adherence
- Requires more attention to detail
- Never provides relief from the calorie deficit
Related Article: Refeed Day Example: Sample Meal Plan With Macro Breakdown
Refeed vs Carb Cycling: 3 Similarities
The similarities between refeeds and carb cycling are:
1. They Have The Same End Goal
Both refeeds and carb cycling have the same end goal, to achieve weight loss and improve body composition.
To achieve these goals a calorie deficit is necessary (consuming fewer calories than the body burns). But, if we’re always eating fewer calories to achieve weight loss, our metabolism slows down because fewer calories are coming in and the body wants to preserve as much energy as possible.
This is where refeeding and carb cycling use their strategies to signal to the body that there is enough food coming in but for the same end goal.
2. They Both Revolve Around Carbs
Refeeds and carb cycling both revolve around temporary increases in carbs to prevent our metabolism from slowing down, to increase leptin levels, and to encourage energy replenishment.
Leptin levels are important because leptin signals to the brain that food is coming in and that the brain no longer needs to send constant hungry signals in an attempt to increase intake.
Carbs are the main focus because they have been shown to have a larger effect on increasing leptin levels when they are consumed in larger quantities.
Related Article: 15 Cheap Carbs for Bulking (That Are Still Good For You)
3. They Encourage Diet Adherence
Both refeeding and carb cycling also work as strategies to try and improve diet adherence by giving dieters a break from the mental strain of dieting.
Both methods provide dieters with mental relief by temporarily increasing carbs and giving them something to look forward to breaking up the monotony of low carb/calorie days, which are draining.
Refeed vs Carb Cycling: 2 Differences
The two differences between refeeds and carb cycling are:
1. Refeeds Are Implemented Weekly At Most
Refeeds occur less frequently than carb cycling because they occur weekly at most, whereas carb cycling can involve daily or weekly fluctuations of carb intake.
Refeeds generally occur less frequently than carb cycling which some dieters may prefer to improve adherence, whereas others may prefer the increased frequency of carb cycling to keep motivation high.
2. Carb Cycling Maintains A Constant Calorie Deficit
Carb cycling is designed to keep dieters in a calorie deficit by always maintaining a calorie deficit despite having days that could be high or low carb/calorie.
Whereas refeeds are designed to temporarily bring dieters out of a calorie deficit to maintenance calories (the number of calories it takes to maintain weight rather than lose weight) to allow for rest and recovery.
Refeed vs Carb Cycling Cycling: Which One Produces Results?
Both refeeds and carb cycling can produce results as long as a calorie deficit is maintained because weight loss is only possible when we are in a true calorie deficit.
Carb cycling is designed to keep us in a constant calorie deficit despite having days that are higher in carbs and lower in carbs (and potentially calories as well).
My only concern with carb cycling is that we never spend time out of calorie deficit. Although weight loss occurs WITH a calorie deficit, if we spend too much time in a deficit our metabolism might slow down because our brain might believe that there are not enough calories coming in.
For this reason, I question whether carb cycling would be as effective at preventing our metabolism from slowing down and increasing leptin levels as a refeed would.
With refeeds, the goal is to bring us out of a calorie deficit to a maintenance level of calories to prevent our metabolism from slowing down.
Ultimately both refeeds and carb cycling rely on a calorie deficit for continued weight loss but with carb cycling the deficit is constant but intake is varied in hopes to keep the metabolism from slowing down.
In contrast, with refeeds, the calorie deficit is interrupted every so often to keep our metabolism from slowing down by working to prevent us from adapting to fewer calories.
The best method for achieving fat loss results is the method we can adhere to long-term because if we’re unable to follow through with the protocol that we’re choosing, we will not achieve the results we’re looking for.
Therefore, if carb cycling is too much effort to maintain, I would suggest refeeds; and if refeeds are too few and far between to keep motivation high, then I would suggest carb cycling.
Both refeeding and carb cycling are methods that can be implemented to produce weight loss results while minimizing the negative effects of dieting, but the most effective one is the one that we can adhere to long-term.
Other Refeed Resources
- Refeed vs Diet Break: Differences, Pros, & Cons
- Will A Refeed Make Me Fat? 5 Tips To Limit Fat Gain On Refeeds
- How Many Grams of Fat On A Refeed Day (A Helpful Guide)
- Refeed vs Cheat Day: Differences, Pros & Cons
- Refeed Two Days In A Row: Is This Good or Bad?
- Should I Refeed While Cutting? (Yes, Here’s Why & How)
- How Often Should You Refeed? (7 Signs You Need A Refeed Day)
- Refeed After 5 Day Fast: 7 Rules To Follow & What To Eat
- Refeed After 3 Day Fast: 7 Rules To Follow & What To Eat
- Should You Refeed On A Rest Day?
- Should I Workout On A Refeed Day?
Other Carb Cycling Resource
- How Many Calories Should You Eat When Carb Cycling?
- How Long Should You Carb Cycle? And, Can You Do It Forever?
- Who Is Carb Cycling Good For? (And Who Is It Not For)
- Carb Cycling When Bulking: Should You Do It?
- Carb Cycling vs Keto: Which Is Better?
- Carb Cycling vs Intermittent Fasting: Which Is Better?
About The Author
Amanda Parker is an author, nutrition coach, and Certified Naturopath. She works with bodybuilders, Olympic weightlifters, and powerlifters to increase performance through nutrition and lifestyle coaching.