Some links in this article are affiliate links, which means we earn from qualifying purchases. Learn more.
On paper, BlackWolf has exactly what I look for in a pre-workout: clinical doses, quality ingredients, and a well-rounded formula. However, BlackWolf comes at a higher cost per serving than comparable pre-workouts on the market, which leaves me wondering if BlackWolf really is as good as it advertises.
- BlackWolf costs $2.27 per serving, well above the average pre-workout cost of $1.61 per serving. The high number of clinically-dosed ingredients helps to justify the cost slightly. Still, comparable products on the market are less expensive (Transparent Labs Bulk costing $1.66/serving).
- BlackWolf contains clinical doses of citrulline, beta-alanine, creatine, and taurine to provide a noticeable strength, pump, and endurance boost to your workout. The stimulant blend provides good energy with no noticeable crash or jitteriness, in my experience.
- BlackWolf is a great, well-rounded pre-workout suitable for anybody looking to improve their strength, power, and/or endurance. With a lower caffeine level (200mg), it will be suitable for most users as long as they have a higher supplement budget.
Overall Rating: 3.6/5
Medical Disclaimer: The material presented in this article aims to offer informational insights. It should not be perceived as medical guidance. The views and writings are not designed for diagnosing, preventing, or treating health issues. Always consult with your physician prior to starting any new dietary or supplement routine.
What Is BlackWolf?
BlackWolf is a vegan-friendly pre-workout that is manufactured in the USA under the company Health Nutrition Limited.
BlackWolf advertises itself as a well-rounded pre-workout providing lasting energy, mental focus, strength, strength, and endurance.
Most of the ingredients found in BlackWolf are clinically dosed, except betaine (which has 2g instead of a clinical dose of 2.5g) and AAKG (1g instead of a clinical dose of 4g).
BlackWolf has a full dose of citrulline (6g), beta-alanine (3.2g), creatine (3g), and taurine (1g), the combination of which supports a good pump and muscular endurance.
For increasing energy and mental focus, BlackWolf uses a combination of caffeine anhydrous and a patented ingredient called Dynamine, which has been shown to increase energy, speed, and reaction time.
BlackWolf is available in 2 flavors: Blue Raspberry and Green Apple. The de-caffeinated version is available in Fruit Punch.
BlackWolf is a 22-serving container on the higher price scale at $2.27 per serving.
Claims vs Reality: How I Felt After Taking BlackWolf?
Before testing this pre-workout, I had never heard of BlackWolf. After testing their product for several weeks, I am a big fan.
This pre-workout has everything I would be looking for if I were to design my own pre-workout, from the clinical doses to the clean label design.
I appreciate that they use natural ingredients to color their product, like spirulina and turmeric.
I found this pre-workout interesting because I never really felt like it “kicked in.”
Some pre-workouts provide a noticeable energy buzz or strong beta-alanine tingles, and I didn’t experience either with this pre-workout.
I remember feeling disappointed, in a way, after my first two workouts with BlackWolf because I felt like it wasn’t doing much for me.
It wasn’t until I reviewed my gym stats from my first week testing this product that I realized I was consistently hitting higher volume over my workouts, was recovering faster in between sets, and experienced very low amounts of muscle soreness.
For what it’s worth, my experience of not feeling a big energy boost could also be attributed to the changing seasons.
For the first time in about 6 months, it’s still dark as I leave the gym at 7am. I am likely feeling the effects of the reduced sunlight hours as we head into fall.
The combination of caffeine and Dynamine provided good energy with no crash afterward, which is essential since I work out early in the morning before work.
Overall, I enjoyed taking BlackWolf and felt I got a good performance boost from this product. I recommend it for those who have a more generous supplement budget.
BlackWolf is a great, well-rounded pre-workout suitable for anybody looking to improve their strength, power, and/or endurance.
|Ingredient||Dose||Clinical Effective Dose||Meets Dosing Standards|
|Citrulline Malate||6 g||6-8g||✅|
|Coconut Water Powder||300 mg||n/a||n/a|
|Caffeine Anhydrous||200 mg||n/a||n/a|
|Bioperine||5 mg||5 mg||✅|
Citrulline is an amino acid that acts as a nitric oxide enhancer, meaning it increases levels of nitric oxide in the body.
Nitric oxide helps the body dilate its blood vessels, improving blood flow to the heart and muscles.
Supplementing with citrulline may help delay fatigue, increase muscular endurance and strength, and enhance recovery.
In this specific form, citrulline malate, the citrulline is bound to a malic acid. This is reported to increase the bioavailability and absorption rates of the citrulline, allowing it to be more effective and quicker acting.
BlackWolf contains 6g of citrulline per scoop, meeting clinical dose standards.
Beta-Alanine is an amino acid that is important in making carnosine in the body.
Carnosine is highly concentrated in the brain and muscles and is important because it acts as a buffer in the body. This buffering effect helps to delay fatigue, allowing you to work out at higher intensities for longer durations.
Supplementing with beta-alanine can increase muscle carnosine levels by 15-85%, allowing you to push through long and intense workouts.
Beta-alanine supplementation is an ingredient that can cause a skin-tingling sensation. For some people, this is a mild, almost unnoticeable effect. Others might experience it as a stronger, itchy sensation.
This side effect is harmless and will become less intense over time.
Beta-alanine should undergo a loading phase, meaning you should take it daily (even on non-workout days) for multiple weeks to see its benefit.
The optimal loading phase dose is 3-6g daily over a 4-10 weeks. A maintenance dose of 1.2g daily is sufficient for maintaining beta-alanine levels after the loading phase.
BlackWolf contains 3.2g of beta-alanine per serving, meeting clinical dose standards.
Creatine is one of the most thoroughly studied sports supplements and one of the most widely consumed sport supplement ingredients, but I have found that few consumers really understand what it does and how it works.
With more creatine in the body, you have more potential energy stored. The result is increased strength, power, and performance.
To see creatine’s full benefit, it should undergo a loading phase, where you take 5g daily over 3-4 weeks to saturate the body’s levels. After the loading phase is complete, a maintenance dose of 3-5g daily is sufficient.
If you want to saturate your body’s levels more quickly, you can do a more aggressive loading phase, taking 20-25g daily for 5-7 days, followed by the same maintenance dose. This puts you at an increased risk for some negative side effects like bloating or gastrointestinal upset.
BlackWolf contains 3g of creatine monohydrate per serving, enough for a maintenance dose. Remember to take additional creatine on your non-training days to keep creatine levels high.
Betaine is a compound found naturally in foods like spinach and beets. Some of betaine’s functions in the body include supporting liver function and making carnitine (a substance that converts fat into energy).
It is theorized that supplementing with betaine can increase strength and power and improve body composition. So far, the results in research trials are inconclusive as to whether betaine works to improve athletic performance, but there is promising evidence to support that it can improve body composition.
Current research indicates that betaine should be taken at a dose of 2.5g daily.
BlackWolf contains 2g of betaine per scoop, falling just shy of clinical dose standards. They provide research references on their website so I went to see if they had research that supported the 2g dose, but the two articles that they linked to both used doses of 2.5g of betaine daily.
AAKG (L-Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate)
AAKG (or Arginine-Alpha-ketoglutarate) is theorized to be a nitric oxide booster, similar to citrulline. This nitric oxide boosting effect results in vasodilation, or widening of the blood vessels to improve blood flow throughout the body.
Potential benefits of AAKG supplementation include increased exercise performance and increased energy. Its vasodilating effects can support cardiovascular health and improve overall blood flow.
AAKG has been shown in research to increase strength and power output, but had no impact on body composition or aerobic (cardiovascular) performance.
In the studies where AAKG has been proven effective, 4-10g of AAKG daily was used.
BlackWolf only uses 1g of AAKG, which falls short of a full clinical dose.
The BlackWolf website contains links to articles supporting the ingredients they use in their formula.
While the articles they link show that arginine is beneficial for improving athletic performance, the doses ranged from 1.5g to ~13g, still above what is included in BlackWolf.
Taurine is an amino acid found naturally in meat, fish, and dairy products. It plays a role in energy metabolism and glucose and fat regulation. It also has natural anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
When taken pre-workout, taurine can increase endurance, strength, power, and recovery.
Despite limited research, the current ideal dosing strategy based on research is 1-3g of taurine taken before exercise.
BlackWolf pre-workout meets an accepted clinical dose with 1g of taurine per serving.
Tyrosine is an amino acid that the body creates from another amino acid called phenylalanine.
Tyrosine is a precursor to neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine; taking one single dose of tyrosine may be enough to boost cognitive function.
Research has shown that taking tyrosine before exercise can delay exhaustion allowing you to workout harder and longer. However, the important thing to note is that this research has used doses of 100-150mg of tyrosine per kg of body weight.
For a 170lb individual, this translates to between 7.5g and 11.5g, which is far more than the 600mg in a scoop of BlackWolf pre-workout.
There is a lot of anecdotal support by professionals and researchers in the exercise science field for using tyrosine in smaller (500mg-2g) doses.
While more research is needed to determine if these smaller doses really are effective, you may experience increased alertness and cognitive function from this smaller dose.
Coconut Water Powder
Coconut water is naturally high in electrolytes like potassium, calcium and magnesium. These electrolytes support rehydration, recovery, and muscle function.
It is difficult to determine a clinical dose of coconut water powder, since many studies looking at the benefits of coconut water for rehydration use actual liquid beverages, not the powdered form.
The appropriate dose will also depend on various factors like size, workout intensity, and how much an individual sweats.
The amount of coconut water powder (300mg) is likely to support rehydration, support recovery and reduce the likelihood of muscle cramping.
Caffeine is a stimulant that speeds up your central nervous system, increasing mood alertness, and delaying fatigue.
When taken before exercise, caffeine can improve virtually every aspect of athletic performance, including cardio, endurance, strength, power, and high-intensity interval training.
Caffeine tolerance varies greatly from person to person based on factors like size, age, and how much/how often a person consumes caffeine. BlackWolf pre-workout contains 200mg of caffeine per serving, equal to an 18oz cup of coffee.
While I did not experience anxiety, jitteriness, or heart palpitations with this pre-workout, everyone reacts differently to different caffeine quantities and types. I recommend starting with a half-scoop serving to assess your tolerance.
Dynamine® is a unique ingredient that functions like a stimulant, similar to caffeine, but with a much shorter life.
This means you can get the benefits of caffeine like increased mood, cognitive function, and endurance, but the claim is that Dynamine® will not affect your sleep and won’t cause any jitteriness or anxiety.
While the BlackWolf website contains links to research backing nearly every single ingredient used in their formula, there are no links to any articles proving the effects of Dynamine®.
The only articles I could access on Dynamine ® assessed its safety/toxicology on rats, on humans, and looked at reaction time in egamers (individuals who play competitive esports) and tactical personnel, but didn’t look at whether Dynamine® affects physical exercise performance.
Overall, I cannot identify a proper clinical dose for Dynamine®, but the 125mg of Dynamine® in BlackWolf may provide a euphoric energy for your workout.
Bioperine® is a patented form of black pepper extract. In clinical trials, BioPerine® has been found to increase nutrient absorption by up to 30%.
BioPerine is a common addition to pre-workouts because it helps to increase the absorption of the other ingredients found in the pre-workout, rendering the product more effective.
An effective dose of BioPerine® is 5-10mg, which BlackWolf Pre-Workout meets with 5 mg per scoop.
Highlights: What I Like About BlackWolf
BlackWolf contains clinical doses for 5 out of the 7 ingredients that have clinical doses established. Proper dosing of ingredients ensures that this product is effective and provides the benefits it claims to.
BlackWolf contains a combination of caffeine and Dynamine, which results in sustained energy without side effects like jitteriness or anxiety.
The 200mg of caffeine that BlackWolf has is technically on the low end for pre-workouts. Most caffeine-containing pre-workouts range from 180mg to 325mg of caffeine per serving.
This lower caffeine content makes it more likely that you won’t experience the negative side-effects typically associated with high-stim pre-workouts like anxiety, jitteriness, or heart palpitations.
While 200mg is on the low end for pre-workouts, it is still the same amount found in a 10oz coffee and may cause discomfort in people sensitive to caffeine.
Excellent strength and recovery
The biggest takeaway I took from BlackWolf pre-workout is that it provides excellent strength and recovery, both between sets and between workouts.
When I looked back on my workout stats from the weeks using BlackWolf, I realized that I was hitting more volume and increasing my weight across every muscle group weekly.
I felt like I experienced less muscle soreness following my workouts and was noticeably more prepared to do my workouts the following day.
Drawbacks What I Did Not Like About BlackWolf
Limited Flavor Selection
While this isn’t about the product’s effectiveness, with only 2 flavors to choose from, you may get sick of the flavor after a few months. It also increases the likelihood that you don’t like any of the available flavors.
BlackWolf is available in green apple and blue razz, hopefully providing a sour and sweet option to suit everyone’s palette.
BlackWolf costs $2.27 per serving. While it is good value for the high quality and doses of ingredients provided, it might fall outside some people’s supplement budgets.
When I analyzed more than 50 pre-workouts available on the market, I found the average cost per serving to be $1.61. Within that range, some pre-workouts were as low as $0.60 cents per serving, and others were as high as $3.00 per serving.
While many pre-workouts cost more than BlackWolf, there are some similar formulas and high-quality products like Transparent Labs Bulk that cost much less.
How Does BlackWolfStack Up Against Our Criteria For Pre Workouts
Our rating: 2.5/5
It can be tricky to compare pre-workouts straight across the board when it comes to cost. No two formulas are identical, and there are variances in the other factors like the quality of ingredients or the types of sweeteners used that can affect the costs.
BlackWolf falls right in the middle of the value scale for me. For a product that uses clinical doses of many ingredients and is very effective, it is less expensive than some others on the market that offer similar doses.
On the other hand, other products are dosed equally or higher and cost as low as $1.66 per serving.
Our rating: 4/5
I tried the green apple flavor. It was a little bitter, but the tart apple flavor worked well with it.
Taste is subjective, but I enjoyed drinking this and didn’t find it overpowering first thing in the morning. I found it a bit sour, but this can be remedied by diluting it with extra water.
Our rating: 3.5/5
BlackWolf Pre-workout mixed reasonably well when a shaker cup was used but did have a slightly gritty texture.
As an experienced pre-workout user, I didn’t mind the texture. It may be too gritty for some people who self-identify as sensitive to texture.
To remedy this, you can try dissolving it into higher volumes of water.
Our rating: 3.5/5
BlackWolf provided a unique experience where I did not feel an instantly noticeable energy boost or dialed-in focus. However, my physical energy and recovery between sets improved, allowing me to hit higher volume in all my workouts.
BlackWolf does not contain any nootropics for increasing brain power or mental focus. Using only caffeine and dynamine provides an energy that builds up gradually and fades out slowly, without any jitteriness or crash afterward.
This is nice for pre-workout users who still want to enjoy a coffee or energy drink at other points throughout the day since the 200mg of BlackWolf is well below the FDA’s recommended safe upper limit of 400mg daily.
Our rating: 3.5/5
BlackWolf contains a clinical dose of citrulline (6g) and AAKG (1g) to support a good muscle pump. I found the pump from BlackWolf to be decent but not necessarily memorable.
Some products I have tested, like Wrecked Pump Serum, delivered extreme muscle pumps, making it hard for other products to compete.
Unlike Pump Serum, which is chock-full of ingredients to support nitric oxide production specifically, BlackWolf is formulated to support every aspect of exercise, like energy, strength, and pump.
Our rating: 5/5
I felt like my recovery between workouts and between sets was significant, and despite not feeling an intense energy boost from BlackWolf, I was hitting volume and strength PRs every week on this pre-workout.
While it’s not reasonable to expect to hit personal bests every week indefinitely, the weeks when I tested BlackWolf stood out as some of my highest performance weeks in recent memory.
When I stopped taking BlackWolf and switched to testing a different pre-workout, I felt like I had less strength at the very first workout, and I struggled to repeat the weights and repetitions that I had completed in the previous weeks.
Who Should Take BlackWolf?
BlackWolf is for:
- People who are sensitive to artificial food dyes, since BlackWolf uses natural sources like spirulina
- Pre-workout users who want caffeine, but want to reduce the likelihood of feeling jittery or anxious
- Individuals looking to increase strength, power, and stamina
Who Should Not Take BlackWolf?
I would not recommend BlackWolf to:
- Individuals who self-describe as “stim-junkies” and are looking for an intense, dialed-in mental focus
- People who work out late in the evening or just before bed (consider trying their caffeine-free option instead to avoid disrupting your sleep)
What Are Other Customers Saying About BlackWolf ?
The BlackWolf website features some “verified customer” testimonials on their homepage where reviewers speak very highly of the BlackWolf products.
This isn’t surprising because any testimonials on a company’s home page are likely to be cherry-picked positive.
Still, the featured reviews proclaim great experiences like:
“Green Apple Black Wolf not only tastes great (the first thing you will notice), but it does a very effective job of driving through workouts.”
“I’ve been using it for about three weeks now, and I’ve noticed no crash regardless of the workout intensity and have enough push and drive to finish the workout. I noticed great pump and muscle volume as well”.
Unfortunately, aside from the BlackWolf website, there is no third-party retailer for BlackWolf, and therefore, there isn’t a variety of unbiased product reviews that I normally have access to.
This makes me a bit suspicious, to be honest. The site states that all of the reviews come from verified buyers, and I don’t think they are lying but there is no way to see if there are any aspects of the pre-workout that buyers are unhappy with.
This is compounded by the fact that their social media pages have either been deactivated or haven’t been updated since 2019. It seems impossible to find genuine, unbiased reviews.
BlackWolf Caffeine Free
For users who work out later in the day or consider themselves sensitive to caffeine, BlackWolf offers a caffeine-free option.
The ingredients in the caffeine-free version are virtually identical to the regular version, with clinical doses of citrulline, beta-alanine, creatine, and taurine.
BlackWolf Caffeine Free has added two ingredients to support mental focus: DMAE and Huperzine in place of the caffeine. This combination, paired with the ingredient Dynamine provides a quick-hitting energy and mental focus that won’t negatively impact your sleep.
This formula is available in one format: 22 servings and a fruit punch flavor. It has the same cost per serving as the original formula at $2.27 per serving.
Transparent Labs Bulk
Transparent Labs is a company that prioritizes high-quality ingredients and fully discloses third-party testing results. They offer a product that is very similar to BlackWolf pre-workout, but at a noticeably lower price point, called Bulk.
Transparent Labs Bulk contains clinical doses of citrulline, beta-alanine, and taurine as BlackWolf does. Bulk also has a full clinical dose of betaine (2.5g) and alpha-GPC (300mg) to support strength and mental focus.
The formulas of Transparent Labs Bulk and BlackWolf are very similar, but Bulk comes out with a few key advantages.
Despite having higher doses of key performance-enhancing ingredients, Bulk costs only $1.66 per serving compared to BlackWolf’s $2.27.
Transparent Labs Bulk is also Informed Choice Certified, meaning it undergoes additional rigorous testing of its products and ingredients to ensure the product’s quality.
Transparent Labs Bulk offers 8 flavor varieties: Blue Raspberry, Black Cherry, Pina Colada, Peach Mango, Strawberry Kiwi, Sour Grape, Tropical Punch, and Watermelon.
Are There Any Promos or Discounts For BlackWolf ?
BlackWolf does not sell through any third-party retailers like Walmart, GNC, or Amazon.
This allows BlackWolf to maintain complete control of the quality and shipment of their products and prevent any knockoff versions from finding their way into customers’ hands.
As such, your only opportunity to find savings on BlackWolf is through their website. At the time of this article, there are no promotions for BlackWolf.
The website allows you to buy 1 or 2 tubs, which might save you on overall shipping costs if you plan to repurchase it, but there is no discount for buying two tubs.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is BlackWolf Pre-Workout The Best Pre-Workout?
BlackWolf is a great pre-workout for boosting strength and energy without using excessive amounts for stimulants. The well-rounded formula is appealing for most users, but the higher price point might put it out of reach for some consumers.
Is BlackWolf Pre-Workout Third Party Tested?
I could not find any indication on the BlackWolf container or website to indicate that the product is third party tested.
Is BlackWolf Pre-Workout Good For Weight Loss?
BlackWolf contains stimulants like caffeine that can increase energy and help you push through more intense workouts to accelerate results. BlackWolf does not contain specific fat burning ingredients.
Is BlackWolf Pre-Workout Safe For Women?
BlackWolf is safe for use by women but should be avoided if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
How Much Caffeine Does BlackWolf Pre-Workout Have?
BlackWolf contains 200mg of caffeine per serving. They also offer a fruit punch flavored alternative that has zero caffeine.
Does BlackWolf Pre-Workout Have Creatine?
BlackWolf contains 3g of creatine per serving. Those looking to see the full benefits from creatine may want to supplement to a total of 5g daily, including non-training days.
How Long Does BlackWolf Pre-Workout Last For?
The energy blend in BlackWolf is designed to kick in quickly, and then gradually taper off with no jitteriness and no crash afterwards. I found the strength benefits from BlackWolf to last throughout my 60-75 minute workouts.
Does BlackWolf Pre-Workout Need To Be Cycled?
If not taken every single day, BlackWolf Pre-Workout does not need to be cycled. It is possible to build up a tolerance to the caffeine, so if you stop feeling the energizing effects from BlackWolf then take 1-2 weeks off to reset your tolerance.
Will BlackWolf Pre-Workout Make Me Jittery?
BlackWolf has been specially formulated to provide energy without causing jitteriness or anxiety. Since the product does contain caffeine, it’s always recommended to assess your personal tolerance with a half scoop serving.
What Flavors Are Available For BlackWolf Pre-Workout?
BlackWolf Pre-Workout is available in Green Apple and Blue Raspberry flavors. They offer a caffeine-free option that is Fruit Punch flavored.
Where Is BlackWolf Pre-Workout Made?
BlackWolf is made in the USA in an FDA approved and GMP certified facility.
What Is BlackWolf’s Shipping Policy?
BlackWolf offers free shipping within the United States. They offer shipping to 14 other countries for a $29.95-$35.99 charge. Shipping charges are non-refundable. BlackWolf provides tracking information for your order. Shipping times range from 7 to 21 business days depending on where you are ordering from.
What Is BlackWolf’s Return Policy?
You can return your unopened product within 14 days for a refund, for a $15 fee. They also offer a 100 day money back guarantee.
If you are unsatisfied with BlackWolf, you can return it after 50 days of use but may be required to submit proof of use to receive your money back.
How To Contact BlackWolf ?
You can contact BlackWolf through their website contact form which also features a Live Chat option.
They provide two phone numbers:
1 (888) 270-3240 (United States and Canada)
44 843 809 2123 (UK)
They also provide a mailing address:
Health Nutrition Limited
Gough, L.A., Sparks, S.A., McNaughton, L.R. et al. A critical review of citrulline malate supplementation and exercise performance. Eur J Appl Physiol 121, 3283–3295 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04774-6
Gough LA, Sparks SA, McNaughton LR, Higgins MF, Newbury JW, Trexler E, Faghy MA, Bridge CA. A critical review of citrulline malate supplementation and exercise performance. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2021 Dec;121(12):3283-3295. doi: 10.1007/s00421-021-04774-6. Epub 2021 Aug 21. PMID: 34417881; PMCID: PMC8571142.
Gonzalez, Adam M.1; Trexler, Eric T.2. Effects of Citrulline Supplementation on Exercise Performance in Humans: A Review of the Current Literature. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 34(5):p 1480-1495, May 2020. | DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003426
Culbertson JY, Kreider RB, Greenwood M, Cooke M. Effects of beta-alanine on muscle carnosine and exercise performance: a review of the current literature. Nutrients. 2010 Jan;2(1):75-98. doi: 10.3390/nu2010075. Epub 2010 Jan 25. PMID: 22253993; PMCID: PMC3257613.
Bellinger PM. β-Alanine supplementation for athletic performance: an update. J Strength Cond Res. 2014 Jun;28(6):1751-70. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000327. PMID: 24276304.
Blancquaert L, Everaert I, Derave W. Beta-alanine supplementation, muscle carnosine and exercise performance. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2015 Jan;18(1):63-70. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000127. PMID: 25474013.
Buford TW, Kreider RB, Stout JR, Greenwood M, Campbell B, Spano M, Ziegenfuss T, Lopez H, Landis J, Antonio J. International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2007 Aug 30;4:6. doi: 10.1186/1550-2783-4-6. PMID: 17908288; PMCID: PMC2048496.
Van Every, Derrick W. BS1; Plotkin, Daniel L. BS1; Delcastillo, Kenneth BS1; Cholewa, Jason PhD2; Schoenfeld, Brad J. PhD1. Betaine Supplementation: A Critical Review of Its Efficacy for Improving Muscle Strength, Power, and Body Composition. Strength and Conditioning Journal 43(4):p 53-61, August 2021. | DOI: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000622
Trepanowski JF, Farney TM, McCarthy CG, Schilling BK, Craig SA, Bloomer RJ. The effects of chronic betaine supplementation on exercise performance, skeletal muscle oxygen saturation and associated biochemical parameters in resistance trained men. J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Dec;25(12):3461-71. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318217d48d. PMID: 22080324.
Pryor, J.L., Craig, S.A. & Swensen, T. Effect of betaine supplementation on cycling sprint performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 9, 12 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/1550-2783-9-12
Campbell B, Roberts M, Kerksick C, Wilborn C, Marcello B, Taylor L, Nassar E, Leutholtz B, Bowden R, Rasmussen C, Greenwood M, Kreider R. Pharmacokinetics, safety, and effects on exercise performance of L-arginine alpha-ketoglutarate in trained adult men. Nutrition. 2006 Sep;22(9):872-81. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2006.06.003. PMID: 16928472.
Kaczka P, Kubicka K, Batra A, Maciejczyk M, Kopera E, Bira J, Zając T. Effects of Co-Ingestion of β-Hydroxy-β-Methylbutyrate and L-Arginine α-Ketoglutarate on Jump Performance in Young Track and Field Athletes. Nutrients. 2021 Mar 25;13(4):1064. doi: 10.3390/nu13041064. PMID: 33805883; PMCID: PMC8064357.
Kurtz, J.A., VanDusseldorp, T.A., Doyle, J.A. et al. Taurine in sports and exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 18, 39 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-021-00438-0
Tumilty, L., Davison, G., Beckmann, M. et al. Oral tyrosine supplementation improves exercise capacity in the heat. Eur J Appl Physiol 111, 2941–2950 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-1921-4
Ismail I, Singh R, Sirisinghe RG. Rehydration with sodium-enriched coconut water after exercise-induced dehydration. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2007 Jul;38(4):769-85. PMID: 17883020.
Guest NS, VanDusseldorp TA, Nelson MT, Grgic J, Schoenfeld BJ, Jenkins NDM, Arent SM, Antonio J, Stout JR, Trexler ET, Smith-Ryan AE, Goldstein ER, Kalman DS, Campbell BI. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and exercise performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2021 Jan 2;18(1):1. doi: 10.1186/s12970-020-00383-4. PMID: 33388079; PMCID: PMC7777221.
Davis JK, Green JM. Caffeine and anaerobic performance: ergogenic value and mechanisms of action. Sports Med. 2009;39(10):813-32. doi: 10.2165/11317770-000000000-00000. PMID: 19757860.
Murbach TS, Glávits R, Endres JR, Clewell AE, Hirka G, Vértesi A, Béres E, Szakonyiné IP. A Toxicological Evaluation of Methylliberine (Dynamine®). J Toxicol. 2019 Oct 27;2019:4981420. doi: 10.1155/2019/4981420. PMID: 31911801; PMCID: PMC6930730.
VanDusseldorp TA, Stratton MT, Bailly AR, Holmes AJ, Alesi MG, Feito Y, Mangine GT, Hester GM, Esmat TA, Barcala M, Tuggle KR, Snyder M, Modjeski AS. Safety of Short-Term Supplementation with Methylliberine (Dynamine®) Alone and in Combination with TeaCrine® in Young Adults. Nutrients. 2020 Feb 28;12(3):654. doi: 10.3390/nu12030654. PMID: 32121218; PMCID: PMC7146520.
Tartar JL, Banks JB, Marang M, Pizzo F, Antonio J. A Combination of Caffeine, TeaCrine® (Theacrine), and Dynamine® (Methylliberine) Increases Cognitive Performance and Reaction Time Without Interfering With Mood in Adult Male Egamers. Cureus. 2021 Dec 20;13(12):e20534. doi: 10.7759/cureus.20534. PMID: 35103121; PMCID: PMC8768451.
Cintineo HP, Bello ML, Chandler AJ, Cardaci TD, McFadden BA, Arent SM. Effects of caffeine, methylliberine, and theacrine on vigilance, marksmanship, and hemodynamic responses in tactical personnel: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2022 Aug 18;19(1):543-564. doi: 10.1080/15502783.2022.2113339. PMID: 36016763; PMCID: PMC9397462.
About The Author
Jennifer Vibert is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist, Nutrition Coach, and supplement store manager. She has a Bachelor of Kinesiology with a major in Fitness and Lifestyle and a minor in Psychology from the University of Regina. She is a Certified Nutrition Coach through Precision Nutrition, with a passion for helping clients learn the fundamentals of nutrition and supplementation in order to build healthy, sustainable habits.
Why Trust Our Content
On Staff at FeastGood.com, we have Registered Dietitians, coaches with PhDs in Human Nutrition, and internationally ranked athletes who contribute to our editorial process. This includes research, writing, editing, fact-checking, and product testing/reviews. At a bare minimum, all authors must be certified nutrition coaches by either the National Academy of Sports Medicine, International Sport Sciences Association, or Precision Nutrition. Learn more about our team here.
Have a Question?
If you have any questions or feedback about what you’ve read, you can reach out to us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We respond to every email within 1 business day.